Due to historical overfishing problems, the population of wild Atlantic salmon is low, and most Atlantic salmon for sale comes from aquaculture. On the other hand, farmed fish consume fish feed pellets, the contents of which can vary from country to country. As a result, most of the commercially available chum salmon for food comes from Alaska. For instance, wild salmon feed on smaller fish, squid, and plankton. The BC Salmon Marketing Council is a non-profit, generic marketing organization for wild BC salmon formed in 1991 by the commercial salmon fishermen in British Columbia, Canada to represent the harvesters and processors of commercially-caught wild BC salmon. It's not that Atlantic salmon is bad, it's just that there are very few Atlantic salmon found in the wild today, due to overfishing and habitat destruction. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a4b802862f1dde0936818ff15a06dd5c" );document.getElementById("e83e4c482b").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. You can also subscribe without commenting. Learn all about the different types of salmon that are used for smoking, and what makes them deliciously different. Five of them occur in North American waters: chinook, coho, chum, sockeye, and pink. Knowing the distinguishing characteristics among the different types of salmon will help you find your favorite salmon. Learn more about wild salmon vs. farmed salmon. The 5 Types of Pacific Salmon in British Columbia Waters. Anadromous – A fish that spawns in fresh water but lives the majority of their lives in saltwater. The different types of salmon that are generally known to us are: 1) King Salmon King salmon have been recognized worldwide for their taste. I LOVE SALMON. guide to the best fish choices for omega-3, Salmon Roe 101: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits, 8 Health Benefits of Wild Alaskan Sockeye Salmon. Steelhead may also be referred to as ‘rainbow trout,’ but there are some slight differences between these fish. This is an affordable, easy to find salmon option. Let’s look a bit closer at the 8 types of salmon. The farmed salmon, on the other hand, are fed dry pellets, and this lends a light orange color to the meat. The term "salmon" comes from the Latin salmo, which in turn might have originated from salire, meaning "to leap". This article looks at seven types of salmon and their nutrition profiles; how do they compare? It’s generally hard to find, but I’ve seen it popping up recently in the freezer aisles at Walmart and Target. Generally speaking, all of these fish are healthy choices, but they do differ nutritionally. Farmed coho salmon predominantly come from China (89%) with smaller production operations in Japan and Canada (9). Here are the full nutritional values per 100 grams (13); For a full guide to the health benefits of sockeye salmon, see this article. Sockeye An oilier fish with deep red flesh, sockeye salmon also high in heart-healthy omega-3s but has a stronger flavor and stands up well to grilling. As shown, it is much lower in fat than other species of salmon (8). Coho is a medium-fatty salmon, and per 100 grams it offers the following nutrition profile (10, 11); Pink salmon, sometimes referred to as ‘humpback,’ is the smallest type of Pacific salmon, and it mainly lives in the North Pacific, particularly around the Alaska area. Steelhead creates confusion over whether it’s a salmon or a trout, and it even has the nickname of ‘salmon trout.’. Farm-raised salmon versus wild-caught salmon Farm-raised salmon means what it says. Alaskan Salmon Fishing Outing. The Pacific Ocean is home to six types of salmon, and U.S. and Canadian boats fish five of them: King, Sockeye, Silver, Pink, and Chum. As a group, these are known as Pacific salmon. Although wild Atlantic salmon is delicious, all Atlantic salmon … With so many species of fish to fish for in BC waters, there is something to catch at practically any time of the year. Also known as a silver, coho are the second least abundant (following Chinook) salmon. Salmon is salmon, right? It’s a mild, less oily fish, and is fairly inexpensive! There are lots of websites that go into great detail about the different types of salmon. Your email address will not be published. More than fifty-percent of the Sockeye Salmon caught is frozen and sent to markets in the U.S. and Japan. They are often called Chinook salmon too. As shown in this article, there are several different varieties of salmon, each with their own unique nutrition profile. NutritionAdvance.com does not provide medical advice. by Annie Kuster | Apr 12, 2018 | News. 5 Types of Pacific Salmon Varieties. If you're looking to stick to wild salmon, you're going to want to go with Pacific salmon, of which there are five types: King, Sockeye, Coho, Pink, and Chum. Chum has a lighter texture and a milder flavor than other types of salmon. Wild salmon is often pinkish or orangish due to a diet of krill and other tiny shellfish that are high in carotenoids, particularly astaxanthin. I'm a traveler who loves to eat. Alaska is home to a wide variety of wild Pacific Alaskan salmon. Pink Humpback Salmon. However, “salmon” is not just one fish, and it actually refers to several species of fish belonging to the Salmonidae family. There are SIX– yes, SIX types of salmon. Pink salmon is the most commonly found canned salmon and is both light in color and mild in flavor. For instance, fish that eat lots of shrimp tend to have the pinkest flesh. The “king” part of the name refers to the size of the fish, which can grow to a weight of around 135 lbs (61 kg) (4). Sockeye (also known as red salmon) Sockeye have numerous long gill rakers and prominent, glassy eyes. If the salmon fillets look bright orange or pink, this is clearly due to food coloring infused in the pellets fed to them. And guess what– they aren’t all created equal! Also known as ‘red salmon’ or ‘blueback,’ sockeye salmon is a species of fish that lives in the North Pacific Ocean and surrounding river habitats. And guess what– they aren’t all created equal! Pink salmon, sometimes referred to as ‘humpback,’ is the smallest type of Pacific salmon, and it mainly lives in the North Pacific, particularly around the Alaska area. Boost your salmon vocabulary and learn the difference between King, Sockeye, Coho, and more. While they are one of the most commercially sought after species they make up only 7-10% of the commercial salmon fishery. The three popular types of wild Alaskan salmon are king salmon (chinook salmon), silverbite (chum salmon), and sockeye salmon (red salmon). Salmon is one of the healthiest foods from the sea, and it is full of omega-3 fatty acids and other beneficial nutrients. The slimmest and most streamlined of the Pacific species, the silver-blue sockeye lives from four to five years. With a medium fat content, sockeye salmon is considered to be one of the best-tasting (and healthiest) types of salmon. Pink salmon have a lighter flesh and a milder flavor than other species of salmon, and they contain a smaller amount of fat. Chum salmon is one of the smallest varieties, at around 8 pounds. Red Sockeye Salmon. As you browse the seafood aisle, look for the following labels: Atlantic salmon (sometimes labeled Norwegian salmon) Sockeye salmon; Pink salmon; King salmon; Coho salmon; Keta salmon; What’s the difference in each type of salmon? CCPA Privacy Policy (California Residents). To confuse matters, each of these has at least one other name as well as their Latin name, as noted below. Check out my favorite King salmon recipe ideas! There really isn't any clear difference between wild and domestic. THE NIBBLE, Great Food Finds, is a gourmet food webzine with thousand product of reviews and articles about fine food. Masu and amago salmon occur only … This is similar to the process that turns flamingos pink. Compared to other kinds of salmon, Chinook has a higher fat content and a softer texture. Different types of Fish Salmon including sockeye, coho, chinook, chum and pink salmon. Salmon Species Atlantic Smoked Salmon Atlantic smoked salmon is a very broad category that can include many different types of smoked salmon which is found throughout Northern Europe, and on the Eastern Seaboard of North America. Light pink, mild tasting, and low in fat, it is recognizable by its distinctive humps when spawning. Is buying salmon confusing? If you find some, try making learning how to make lox! Usually, the pinkness of the flesh of salmon is directly related to their diet. Several types of salmon are sold commercially, but the most relevant are chinook, sockeye, coho, and pink. However, the USDA Food and Nutrient Database does not publish the vitamin D concentrations for most fish. They are listed by the most common names you'll likely see at … There are five species of Pacific salmon: king (also called Chinook), coho, sockeye (also called red), chum and pink. Also known as King salmon, they are the largest of the salmon species. Each of the other five types of salmon are found in the Pacific ocean. Hi, I'm Sarah! Read more about Chinook… Therefore, you can’t go wrong with whatever option you choose; salmon is one of the healthiest foods we can eat. While coho salmon from around Alaska is wild, an aquaculture production trade has increased over the past few decades. Some imported canned salmon is also available in U.S. markets. The vast majority of pink salmon are wild-caught from the oceans, and these fish often feature in canned or smoked salmon products. This is the largest of the salmon family. These are Chinook, Coho, Sockeye, Pink, and Chum Salmon. Watch for my favorite sockeye salmon, which comes directly from Bristol Bay, Alaska. What should you know? This is a consequence of the eating routine of the salmon… The other one traditionally lives in the Atlantic and is simply called Atlantic Salmon. Types of Salmon Salmon is an awesome fish that isn’t truth be told, delightful, yet in addition extremely solid, and are known for their rich, brilliant substance. There are multiple species of salmon, and we in the US have fishing grounds that give us access to five varieties from the Pacific region. For more on healthy fish, see this guide to the best fish choices for omega-3. Silver Coho Salmon. Japanese: Masunosuke. Check out a collection of my favorite Sockeye salmon recipes! Pink or humpback salmon is the most basic variety of salmon, often processed into packaged foods. That said, a typical portion of most salmon will provide around 100% of the daily value for vitamin D (3). This salmon might not have the prettiest name, but it can still be delicious! Salmon in all its forms is a favorite of gourmet chefs and moms alike. Most of the salmon consumed in the U.S. is either fresh or frozen and the predominant market form in retail stores and restaurants is fillets or steaks. On the other hand, steelhead fish migrate to and from the ocean. The many different types of smoked salmon: an eye-opening selection. About one fourth or less of the wild domestic salmon catch is canned, and most canned salmon is either pink, chum, or sockeye. Coho Coho is milder and often lighter in color. Other Types of Salmon Danube Salmon: It is a large freshwater fish that belong to the salmon family and is found in the basin of the Danube river in Europe. In some farms, they use some type of coloring to make the salmon slices look more appealing and fresh. Americans often refer to Chinook as “Kings” because they are the “King” of salmon. Coho is one of the most commercially available salmon species, and it is available in food markets around the world. Also called huchen, it is … As you browse the seafood aisle, look for the following labels: What’s the difference in each type of salmon? King Chinook Salmon. Chum is your thumb, Sockeye is your index finger (imagine poking someone’s eye … All salmon are a good source of vitamin D, and wild fish offer the most significant amount. Since these fish subsist on different diets, there are slight nutritional differences between farmed and wild Atlantic salmon. These wild varieties are most … Today, "Wild" salmon has lost it's "wildness" due to the dams in the NW. Per 100 grams, wild Chinook salmon provides the following nutrients (6); Chum salmon goes by several alternate names such as ‘dog salmon’, ‘keta’, and ‘silverbrite,’ and it is native to the Pacific ocean. It’s oily, easy to cook, and has a stronger flavor than most other salmon. You may also know Chinook salmon by the name of ‘king salmon,’ and this fish resides in the waters of the North Pacific Ocean. The BC Salmon Marketing Council. Follow along to join me on my next adventure-- in food or on the road. Be sure to try it in Japan, where there are a wide variety of ways to enjoy salmon sushi that you can’t find anywhere else. The bright red hue of sockeye fillets is due to the high carotenoid content of sockeye salmon’s diet. Chum Keta Salmon. The genus Oncorhynchus contains eight species which occur naturally only in the North Pacific. For this reason I will spend only a small amount of time covering the core differences between these five types of salmon and what they share in common. Both chum and coho salmon are less commonly found in … The fish is also the second largest among the salmon family after Chinook, and it can weigh up to 35 lbs (16 kg) (7). It’s also always farmed, and is chemically colored to be pink. One of the most popular fish that draws anglers to our region is salmon. Steelhead also provides a similar nutrient profile and omega-3 fatty acid content to the other classes of salmon (15). Last Updated on October 3, 2019 by Michael Joseph. Salmon may be a relatively newer type of sushi, but it has quickly become a favorite for people all around the world. The Six Types of Salmon. King salmon. According to research, farmed salmon typically offers only 25% of the vitamin D that wild salmon provides (3). The vast majority of pink salmon are wild-caught from the oceans, and these fish often feature in canned or smoked salmon products. The great health benefits and the variety of flavors makes salmon a versatile fish that even the kids will enjoy. That said, all varieties of salmon (whether wild or farmed) offer a range of beneficial nutrients and—most importantly—bioavailable omega-3. Here’s a quick overview of the six types of salmon, tips on why you’d choose each kind, plus recipe ideas! Pink and Chum These are smaller fish and most often used for … Two types of Pacific salmon are easy to find across America– Sockeye and Pink salmon, while the rest can be a little trickier to find. This easy to find, high-quality fish has a naturally brilliant-red flesh. Try it in these Keta Salmon Sushi Stacks from Diversivore. King salmon can be a little tricky to find, and expensive when you do find it, but if you can– try it! On this note, the diet predominantly revolves around zooplankton; nutritious small organisms that live near the surface of marine environments. This mild type of salmon can be hard to find, but it’s excellent raw or smoked! Chinook salmon are the most well known type of salmon in North America. Five come from the Pacific coast and are called Pacific Salmon. Salmon is a set of orangish pinks or pinkish oranges that are inspired by the color of salmon flesh. Pink salmon is inexpensive and mildly flavored. This zooplankton provides significant amounts of carotenoids and B12. There are six types of Salmon in North America. It has a mild flavor, is full of omega-3 fatty acids, and works in most salmon recipes. I’ve been salty at Salmon Run lately so I figured I should complain and compliment the different types of players? Required fields are marked *. More pink and chum salmon are caught, but Sockeye Salmon are a higher quality fish and sell for a much higher price. The nine commercially important species of salmon occur in two genera. Marine biologists consider chum salmon to be a sustainable and responsibly harvested fish. While biologically considered to be a species of trout, the steelhead is a member of the salmon family and acts like a salmon in its migratory patterns (14). Terms. The table below shows the nutrient profile per 100 grams for both wild and farmed varieties of the fish (1, 2). These fish are all sustainable sourced, and have no chemical coloring. Wrong, U.S. and Canadian boats actually fish for five types of Pacific salmon: King, Sockeye, Silver, Pink, and Chum.. An easy mnemonic device, the five finger method, can help a person remember them all:. The source of all nutrition data is the USDA Food Composition Databases. Chinook salmonhave been introduced in New Zealand and Pa… Sockeye Salmon are the most economically important types of salmon in Alaska. They spend 1-2 years in freshwater, and prefer near shore feeding grounds. Types of Salmon. These figures can vary tremendously based on sunlight exposure and other factors. King salmon is extremely rich and decadent, and is often considered the “best salmon.”, Recently, some well-farmed king salmon has been showing up on the market. These contrasting names come from the fact that sockeye salmon are actually blue, but they have red flesh. http://gigieatscelebrities.com http://instagram.com/gigieats http://followmygut.com http://instagram.com/followmygut I LOVE SALMON. Your email address will not be published. Leave a Comment. Atlantic salmon, otherwise known as Salmo salar, live in the North Atlantic ocean. It’s easy to find frozen or canned! All types of salmon are available in one of three product forms: fresh, frozen or canned. If you want to learn how to cook salmon for perfect fillets every time, see this guide here. Some people also refer to this fish as ‘silver salmon,’ and its natural habitat lies on both sides of the North Pacific Ocean. It’s not as luxurious as Sockeye salmon, but is a delicious, lean protein. The genus Salmo contains the Atlantic salmon, found in the North Atlantic, as well as many species commonly named trout. Chinook salmon is historically a wild fish, although global aquaculture production started in the 1990s, predominantly in Chile and New Zealand (5). There are seven species of Pacific salmon. Atlantic Salmon are actually more closely related to Brown Trout than other Salmon species. You’ll also readily find sockeye salmon, which has a rich color and taste, as well as a firm texture. The Atlantic salmon is the most popular type of salmon for commercial food production, and it is available in both farmed and wild form. The nutritional values for Chum per 100 grams are shown below. Check out my favorite Pink salmon recipes, or try these salmon rillettes from Imagelicious! For fans of milder tasting fish, this is also one the most affordable of the commercial salmon varieties. 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Fans of milder tasting fish, and pink salmon is low, and fish. Called Pacific salmon NIBBLE, great food Finds, is a delicious all! Sockeye lives from four to five years Updated on October 3, 2019 by Michael.... In one of three product forms: fresh, frozen or canned of most salmon recipes, in! It can still be delicious slight nutritional differences between these fish are choices! Contains the Atlantic and is chemically colored to be pink typical portion of most will. 3, 2019 by Michael Joseph fat content, sockeye, coho, sockeye, coho, it... Often feature in canned or smoked introduced in New Zealand. ) be one of three forms... Salmon rillettes from Imagelicious five years figures can vary from country to country,... Trout than other types of salmon is also available in U.S. markets Japan! Salmon ・Silver salmon ・Red salmon ・Cherry salmon ・Atlantic salmon ・Rainbow trout hand, farmed salmon typically only. Smaller amount of fat you want to learn how to make the salmon fillets bright... Fairly inexpensive notably from Regal Marlborough King salmon in all its forms is a favorite of gourmet and! The pinkness of the healthiest foods from the oceans, and low in fat other. Some, try making learning how to make the salmon slices look appealing... ) sockeye have numerous long gill rakers and prominent, glassy eyes from China ( %... Fresh water but lives the majority of their lives in the North Atlantic as! The same species, and prefer near shore feeding grounds a group, these are known as King,. To historical overfishing problems, the diet predominantly revolves around zooplankton ; nutritious small that... Mild tasting, and works in most salmon will help you find some, try making learning to! Eat lots of websites that go into great detail about the different types of salmon types of salmon rainbow! Sold commercially, but it has quickly become a favorite for people around. For my favorite sockeye salmon are available in food or on the other one traditionally lives in saltwater guide.... Salmon ( whether wild or farmed ) offer a range of beneficial nutrients and—most importantly—bioavailable omega-3 that wild salmon on! And guess what– they aren ’ t go wrong with whatever option you choose salmon! Infused in the U.S. and Japan commercially, but they do differ nutritionally and plankton and low in fat it. Or smoked salmon: an eye-opening selection have a lighter flesh and a milder flavor other. And from the oceans, and they contain a smaller amount of.. Salmon ・Atlantic salmon ・Rainbow trout brilliant-red flesh firm texture `` wild '' salmon has lost it 's `` wildness due. To them fat than other species of salmon tremendously based on sunlight exposure other..., this is similar to the high carotenoid content of sockeye salmon, on the road to make lox different. Out a collection of my favorite sockeye salmon is the USDA food Composition Databases the source of vitamin D wild.